Central African Republic
CAR Country Description
45% of the country area is covered by forest
CAR has a surface area of 623 000 km² with a population density of 6.8 inhabitants per km². The total forest area is estimated at about 28.3 million hectares occupying approximately 45% of the total land area. The dense tropical forests are located in the southwest and southeast of the country representing approximately 20% of the forest area with the rest being woodland savanna.
Anthropogenic pressure on forests
The forests are currently subjected to anthropogenic pressure leading to deforestation and forest degradation. The proximate causes of deforestation and forest degradation are an extension of agricultural land, expansion of settlement area and extraction of wood. Some underlying causes include: poorly coordinated policies; weak institutions; increase in population, insecurity and political crisis; weak economy based on the exploitation of natural resources amongst others.
CAR National REDD+ Strategy
Development of a National REDD+ Strategy
R-PP submitted to FCPF in September 2011
The country characteristics constitute a strong incentive for CAR government’s involvement in the REDD+ process. Since the inception of REDD in the UNFCCC conference parties negotiations, Central African Republic has been actively involved in the deliberations as well as making submissions to SBSTA under the auspices of COMIFAC. This involvement has led to the elaboration and submission of a Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP) to the World Bank Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) outlining a roadmap for REDD+ readiness.
MEE hosts the UNFCCC Focal Point & the National REDD+ Coordination
The Ministry of Environment and Ecology (MEE) hosts the UNFCCC Focal Point who is also the National REDD+ Coordinator. Based on the submission to the FCPF for the REDD Preparation Proposal, the government policy on REDD process is implemented and monitored by the National REDD Coordination which consists of the following institutional framework:
- The National REDD+ Committee: composed by 17 members from civil society, private sector and administration. This is the main institution responsible for leading the overall REDD strategy.
- The three Inter-prefectures REDD+ committees: composed by 40 to 48 members from civil society, private sector and administration. They are insuring REDD process implementation and communicate proposals from their areas to the Technical Coordination.
- The Technical REDD+ Coordination: composed by a permanent technical secretary and five thematic groups: (1) Information, Education and Communication, (2) law and land-law, (3) modelling and reference level, (4) Socio-environmental assessment, (5) Measuring, reporting and verification (MRV).
- The National Fund for the Environment: manages all financial aspects of the national REDD+ strategy implementation.